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Clothing and Accessories




£

s

d

q

US Dollars

Clothing, Ladies






Middle/Lower Class Clothing






Ladies' skirt, cotton or linen

-

6

-


$30.00

Ladies' skirt, rough wool

-

8

-


$40.00

Ladies' over skirt, cotton or linen

-

3

-


$15.00

Ladies' stockings, cotton or wool

-

2

-


$10.00

Ladies' chemise, unbleached linen or cotton

-

8

-


$40.00

Maid/Servant Clothing






Maid's over skirt -

2

6



$230.00

Maid's Apron -


1

6


$7.50

Maid's cap -


-

6

1

$2.50







Upper Class Woman






Ladies' skirt, wool

-

12

-


$60.00

Ladies' skirt, worsted wool

1

-

-


$100.00

Ladies' skirt, silk

8-30

-

-


$800 - $3,000

Ladies' corset or bodice

-

10

-


$50.00

Ladies' silk bodice

6-12

-

-


$600 - $1,200

Ladies' overskirt, wool

-

10

-


$50.00

Ladies' overskirt, silk

6-10

-

-


$600 - $1,000

Ladies' stockings, silk

2-3

-

-


$200 - $300

Ladies' chemise, fine linen or cotton

-

10

-


$50.00

Ladies' chemise, silk

8-15

-

-


$800 - $1,500







Clothing, Mens






Upper Class






Gentleman's shirt, linen or cotton

-

5

-


$25.00

Gentleman's shirt, silk

3 - 5

-

-


$300 - $500

Gentleman's breeches, linen or cotton

-

5

-


$25.00

Gentleman's breeches, wool

-

8

-


$40.00

Gentleman's breeches, silk

5 - 8

-

-


$500 - $800

Gentleman's stockings, cotton or wool

-

2

-


$10.00

Gentleman's stockings, silk

2-3

-

-


$200 - $300

Gentleman's waistcoat, cotton or linen

-

10 -15

-


$50 - $75

Gentleman's waistcoat, wool

1-4

-

-


$100 - $400

Gentleman's waistcoat, silk

20-40

-

-


$2,000 - $4,000

Gentleman's Coat, wool

3-5

-

-


$300 - $500

Gentleman's coat, silk

50-100

-

-


$5,000 - $10,000

Gentleman's cravat, cotton or linen

-

2

6


$12.50

Gentleman's cravat, silk

1

-

-


$100.00

Gentleman's Wig

1 - 10

-

-


$100 - $1,000







Middle/Lower Class






Man's shirt, linen or cotton

-

5

-


$25.00

Man's breeches, linen or cotton

-

5

-


$25.00

Man's breeches, wool

-

8

-


$40.00

Man's stockings, cotton or wool

-

2

-


$10.00

Man's waistcoat, cotton or linen

-

10-15

-


$50 - $75

Man's waistcoat, wool

1 - 2

-

-


$100 - $200

Man's Coat, wool

2 - 4

-

-


$200 - $400

Man's cravat, cotton or linen

-

2

6


$12.50







Laborer/Sailor Slops






NOTE:  For more detailed Sailor slops see below






Laborer's coat

-

12

-


$60.00

Laborer's shirt

-

3

-


$15.00

Laborer's breeches

-

2

-


$10.00

Sailor's jacket

-

10

6


$52.40

Sailor's shirt

-

3

3


$16.40

Sailor's breeches

-

5

-


$25.00

Leather Apron -


10

-


$50.00













Mens Hats & Boots






Plumed and Trimmed hat

1 - 3




$100 - $300

Plumed hat

-

15

-


$75.00

Simple hat

-

8

6


$42.50

Straw hat

-

3

-


$15.00

Sailor's cap, Monmouth 

-

1

2


$5.80

Laborer's cap


3



$15.00

Inlaid Leather boots

3




$300.00

Leather boots

1

6

-


$130.00

Fancy Shoes

1 - 2




$100 - $200

Good shoes

-

12

-


$60.00

Work Shoes

-

8

-


$40.00

Belt basic belt

-

2

6


$12.50







Grooming kit, Razor, wash basin, linen, soap, cologne, comb, small sheers, small chamber pot

1

4

-


$120.00

Clothing Prices

Clothing at this time is all hand made. From a laborer's work shirt to My Lady's silk chemise it is measured, cut and stitched by hand, often times for the individual buying it.

By and large, clothing is well made, durable and usually falls out of style long before it wears out. For laborers, sailors, fieldhands and such, the vagaries of fashion mean little. But to the upper class, and those aspiring to appear upper class, it is everything. Keeping up with the current fashion quickly creates a dilemma for the well dressed in society. What to do with out of fashion clothing?

It represents a hefty investment and is often in excellant condition and frequently not that far out of style. The savvy sell their out of date clothes.

The used clothing market is in fact HUGE. Used clothing provides the basis for many a wardrobe, both in Europe and in the New World. Only very wealthy Upper Class are able to consistently afford new clothing, while the more typical Upper Class will have a some 'new' items and the better off Middle Class will have a few new clothes, most of their closets contain 'used' clothing.
The super rich, who are the fashion setters, sell or gift their used clothes to their less wealthy associates, who pass them down the socio-economic scale to the middle class and eventually the commoners. By the time the cloak or dress reaches the merchant's daughter, it may well have been fitted and altered three or four times, stripped of some of its finery and be several years out of date.


Finery and Trim

These extras, all spun, woven, beaded, embroidered or otherwise crafted by hand, add enormously to an articles value. The range of price for say, a Ladies silk shirt, $800 to $3,000, is reflective of the amount of extra work it has. In some cases these trimmings can be removed and recycled onto another, more fashionable or better fitting piece of clothing.


Style

Current or In Style clothing is the most expensive. For each Fashion Season (Calender Year) an article of clothing is Out of Style, it value drops. See Chart
This drop is large for Upper Class clothing, small for middle class and nonexistent for lower class clothing


Condition

Condition ranges from New to Rags, with rags being only fit to salvage buttons and such before being recycled into paper. New, Good, Fair, Poor and Rags are the classifications and they affect prices as reflected in the chart.


The prices listed in the main chart represent 'New Condition' and 'In Style' or as close to in style that travel time and distance allows. The upper class prices allow variation for trim and lace and such extras. To purchase used clothing start with the New listed value and discount the price by the quality and the seasons out of date.

When Selling used clothing remember that the Wholesale value to the merchant is 50% what he can resell it for (after repairs, cleaning and fitting to the customer.)


Upper Class

New

Good

Fair

Poor

Rags

In Style

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

1 season

80%

60%

40%

20%

10%

2 seasons

60%

40%

20%

10%

5%

3 seasons

40%

20%

10%

5%

2%

4 seasons

20%

10%

5%

2%

1%

5 seasons +

10%

5%

2%

1%

0

Note: It is rare that upper class clothing be allowed to deteriorate past Good Condition. It is simply too valuable to its owner.
This Chart DOES NOT apply to commoners/Lower Class clothing.



Middle Class

New

Good

Fair

Poor

Rags

In Style

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

1 season

80%

60%

40%

20%

10%

2 seasons

60%

40%

20%

10%

5%

3 seasons+

40%

20%

10%

5%

2%

Middle Class clothing, though subject to fashion trends, tends to hold its value better in regards to fashion depreciation.
This Chart DOES NOT apply to commoners/Lower Class clothing.


Sailors slops

The term "slops" is a 16th century word for a fashion of wide, puffy trousers with a knee band. They were popular with seamen because
they were easy to move in. The knee bands would be left open, and by the early 17th century they cut it off.
This was the birth of the seaman's trousers. They were called slops until the 17th century, when the English navy introduced the 'slop' system.



In 1628 the British Admiralty made sailor's clothing, called "slops," available to press-ganged men They consisted of a suit of canvas
with doublet and breeches, Monmouth caps, cotton waistcoats and drawers, stockings, linen shirts and shoes.
The Pursers stood to make a profit from the sales from the slop chest, but since clothing is a necessity, it seemed unfair to allow each ship's
purser to name his own price. Thus, by 1663 the Admiralty began to issue specifications for the types of clothing (slops) and set
fixed prices. It was also stated that they had to be sold before the mainmast, once a week, and in the captain's presence.


In 1706, a new contract was issued by the Admiralty for the kinds of clothing that would be acceptable as slops; and they were pretty specific. The contracting system was not all that different from what we have today; that is, the government published what it wanted, and various firms bid on the contract. The winning company had to have slop clothing available at set prices to RN ships. The government even provided "sealed patterns" or samples of each garment that was available in various English ports (even in Lisbon). Sea captains needing to outfit a crew could compare the quality of the local slop supply with these samples.

From 1706 to 1748, each new contract specified pretty much the same set of clothing, with some minor variations, and also specified 
the price of each article.

The 1706 contract, for example, called for:

These slops lists continued in much the same vein with minor variations until 1748. Since there was no order compelling Royal Navy sailors to buy slops, this could not be considered a uniform, but it amounted to such since these were the clothes most commonly available to them. According to G.E. Manwaring, this is the costume that British seamen were most often pictured wearing in period prints and paintings. Grey jackets, red breeches or trousers, striped waistcoats and blue-and-white checkered shirts was the de facto uniform for this era.

British seamen were not issued hats until relatively late. They were known for their thrummed and Monmouth caps in the 16th through 18th centuries. For some reason, knit caps disappear from the slops list for several decades. Despite this we know through other sources that knit hats and cocked hats were worn during this period, they just do not appear on the slop contracts during the 1690-1720 period. It is not until the list of 1730 that you find the leather caps replaced with "Caps, woolen milled" and "Caps, yarn”. The "Caps, Woolen, milled yarn" is repeated in 1739, when for the first time "Hats" (with no other description) is added.

Manwaring believed that trousers were exclusive to British sailors in this era. He cites a English report from the Pacific in which some Spanish seamen recognized them as British because they were wearing trousers.


* Thanks to http://www.gentlemenoffortune.com  for the information on Slops


A sailor in 1706                Monmouth Cap                   a Tricorn Hat
A British Sailor in 1706 slops                  A Monmouth Cap                                                A Tricorn Hat



repro slops contract                      striped slops                   hemp jacket

Slops                                                      Striped Slops                                       Hemp Jacket



Captains coat

A Captain's Coat




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